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Iraq Election 2010 Results Round-up

Kholoud Ramzi
Below are the final results of Iraq’s new parliament announced by the Independent High Electoral Commission (IHEC) and approved by the Federal Court. The parties are listed in the order they finished in the polls;…
30.03.2010  |  Baghdad

1st: The Iraqi List

Number of seats: 89 + 2 compensatory seats

The list competed in 15 provinces, winning 91 seats, distributed as follows: in Baghdad 24, Ninawa 20, Salahuddin 8, Diyala 8, Anbar 11, Wasit 2, Karbala 1, Basra 3, Dhi Qar 1, Qadisiyah 2, Babil 3, and Kirkuk 6. The list won no seats in Najaf, Dhi Qar, Muthana, and Maysan, a province with a Shia majority.

The list’s major parties:

1. The National Accord Movement
The National Accord Movement is headed by former Iraqi Prime Minister Iyad Allawi. It was formed after the fall of Saddam Hussein’s regime in 2003 and participated in the political process since its inception. Allawi was a member of the Interim Governing Council (IGC) and headed it for one full month. When parliamentary elections were held in 2005, the Accord Movement won 25 seats with its allies. It began by participating in the coalition government but later withdrew.

2. The Renewal Movement
The Renewal Movement was formed by Vice President, Tariq al-Hashimi. Previously the Secretary General of the Islamic Party, he resigned from the party in 2009 along with a number of the party’s other leaders. The Movement moved almost immediately to join the Iraqi list after its official registration.

3. The Iraqi National Dialogue Front
The National Dialogue Front is led by MP Saleh al-Mutlaq. It is part of the Sunni National Dialogue Council created in 2005. The front is now split into two groups, one, again headed by al-Mutlaq, named the ‘National Dialogue Front’. Al-Mutlaq formed a list from among the front’s members and eleven seats were allocated to his list in 2005 elections. It participated in the last provincial council elections and won some seats before again joining the Iraqi List. Al-Mutlaq is known for his hostile position against Iran and is sometimes accused of being pro-Baathist. In the run-up to the election, decisions by the Accountability and Justice Commission barred him and other front members from taking part in the elections based on their past ties to the Baath Party.

4. The Iraqiyoun Gathering
The Gathering is lead by MP Usama al-Nujaifi and is based in Mosul. Al-Nujaifi strongly opposes the ceding of disputed areas in Mosul and other disputed provinces to the Kurdistan Region. In past elections, he competed for the bloc as an independent candidate. He formed the Iraqiyoun Gathering after winning in those elections, winning more than half of Ninawa Province’s seats in the provincial elections. He was also able to form the local government and his brother, Atheel anl-Najifi became the governor. Later on, the gathering joined Iraqiya in the March elections.

The aims of the bloc as stated in its electoral programme

- Combating corruption and adopting an efficiency standard for choosing state officials.
- Building a strong state with no sectarian quotas in government.
- Adopting efficiency standards in the choice of security leaders.
- Building strong armed forces capable of securing the Iraqi borders and the return to obligatory military service system.
- Maintaining Iraqi national unity.
- Improving services with focus on marginalized areas in Baghdad and the provinces.

2nd: The State of Law Coalition

Number of seats: 87 + 2 compensatory seats

The State of Law Coalition, headed by the incumbent Prime Minister, Nouri al-Maliki, ran for election in 15 provinces and won 89 seats. The results were as follows: In Baghdad 26 seats, Najaf 7, Karbala 6, Dhi Qar 8, Muthanna 4, Qadisiyah 4 seats, Wasit 5, Basra 14, Maysan 4, Babel 8, and Diyala 1. The Coalition failed to win any seats in the predominantly Sunni provinces of al-Anbar, Salahuddin, and Mosul, also failing to poll in Kirkuk. In addition to this, the coalition did not nominated candidates in the Kurdish provinces.

The State of Law Coalition has more than 40 political entities: political parties, streams, movements and individuals.

The bloc’s major entities

1. The Islamic Dawa party:
The Islamic Dawa Party is one of the oldest Shia Islamist parties. It was founded in 1957 by Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr, known as ‘al-Sadr al-Awal’. The party was able to mobilise many young conservative Shias.

Until the execution of al-Sadr in 1980 by Saddam Hussein’s regime, the party existed in public. After the ban on the party’s activities, many leading members fled and the headquarters were moved to Tehran.

The leadership continued to work from there to mobilise support in Iraq but later suffered many splits, bringing other streams – notably the Dawa Party - Iraq Organisation and the Dawa movement – into prominence.

The party participated in Iraqi politics since the fall of Saddam Hussein. Two of its representatives sat on the interim governing council and, through Ibrahim al-Jaafari, it headed the transitional government in 2005. After the 2005 general election, the party again headed the government and al-Maliki was chosen as Prime Minister.

In late 2007, the party held its annual conference, changing its internal lawto create the new post of secretary-general. After internal elections for the position, Maliki won. The result was disputed by Jaafari, however, who claimed Maliki cheated and left the party to form the Reform stream.

2. The Dawa Party - Iraq Organisation
The party emerged from one of the many splits in the Dawa Party. It was formed in Basra city, and competed in the previous elections in the United Iraqi Alliance. In this general election, the party split again and competed in two separate lists. Abdul-Karim al-Anzi, the party’s former leader, joined the Iraqi National Alliance, while the rest of the organisation’s members joined the State of Law Coalition.

3. The Independents Stream
This stream is headed by the current Oil Minister, Hussain Al-Shahristani. He is one of the personalities known for having very close relations with Grand Ayatollah Ali Sistani. In the previous elections, he joined the Iraqi United Coalition but after winning, he left the coalition and formed the independent stream in 2006 together with a number of other independent Shia figures in the parliament.

4. The Independent Democrats Gathering
After the 2005 parliamentary elections, the Independent Democrats Gathering, then led by Adnan Pachachi, disintegrated. It was revived more recently, however, by Mahid al-Hafez, the minister of planning in Iyad Allawi’s government, who aligned the party with Nouri al-Maliki’s Sate of Law list.

5. The independent Arab Stream
The stream is led by Abdul-Mutlaq al-Jibouri, the former vice-president of the republic. It is composed of a number of pan-Arab Sunnis and joined al-Tawafuq Front in 2005. In March 2010 elections, however, the party sided instead with Maliki’s list.

The aims of the bloc as stated in its electoral programme

- Working continuously with the United Nations to untie Iraq from Chapter 7 and to return to independence and national sovereignty.
- Continuing efforts to reach national reconciliation.
- Rebuilding the police, security forces and border guards.
- Continuing to fight against terrorism.
- Convicting those who promote the Baath Party ideology and prosecuting former officials of Saddam’s Baath Party.
- Diversifying the federal budget financial resources and planning the investment expenditures.
- Decreasing the salaries of public employees and MPs.
- Combating administrative corruption.
- Improving the performance of the private sector.
- Maintaining the electricity facilities and providing people with uninterrupted supply in 2014.
- Building al-Furat al-Awsat international airport.

3rd: The Iraqi National Alliance

Number of seats: 68 + 2 compensatory seats

The Iraqi National Alliance competed in all 18 Iraqi provinces and also in Sulaimaniya, Erbil and Dahuk in the Kurdistan Region. It won 70 seats across the country: in Baghdad 17, Basra 7, Maysan 6, Dhi Qar 9, Muthanna 3, Diyala 3, Qadisiyah 5, Najaf 5, Wasit 4, Karbala 3, Babel 5 in and Ninawa 1.

The Alliance was unable to win any seats in Diyala, Anbar, Salahuddin, Kirkuk, Erbil, Sulaymaniyah and Dahuk.

A total of 32 parties and individuals from across Iraq make up the alliance.

The bloc’s major entities

1. The Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq (ISCI)
ISCI is considered the spiritual leader of the United Iraqi Alliance with the largest parliamentary bloc in 2005 elections. The party was formed in Iran in the 1980s, led by Ayatollah Muhammad Baqir al-Hakim, who was murdered on his return to Iraq after the fall of Saddam Hussein in 2003.

Abdul Aziz Al-Hakim, the brother of Muhammad Baqir al-Hakim, after taking over the party’s leadership, changed the party’s name from the Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution to its current name in 2008. Abdul Aziz died in August 2009 and his son Ammar al-Hakim took over the leadership of the party.

2. The Badr organization
The Badr Organization first emerged as ‘The Badr Brigade, the military wing of the Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution. It was led by Hadi al-Amiri, one of the supreme council’s most prominent members.

Before the parliamentary elections at the end of 2005, The Badr Brigade announced that it would transform itself into a political organisation. It was forced to do this under the terms of Resolution 91, which stated that all militias should be dissolved

3. The National Reform Stream
This stream is headed by former Prime Minister Ibrahim Al-Jaafari. It was formed in 2008 after Jaafari and a number of prominent party members, including Faleh al-Fayyad split from the Dawa Party in protest against the election of Maliki to the position of the party’s Secretary General. Al-Jaafari and his group accused al-Maliki of manipulating the internal party elections’ results in order to win.

4. The Iraqi National Congres (INC)s
The INC is one of the liberal Shia parties. It is headed by Ahmed al-Chalabi, who left Iraq when the Baath party came to power in 1958. He returned when the Saddam regime fell and supported US forces when they occupied the country. Chalabi participated in the political process from the start. He adopted the de-Baathification idea and chaired the de-Baathification Commission for years.

5. The Islamic Virtue Party (al-Fadhila)
Al- Fadhila was formed after the fall of Saddam’s regime by the Shia cleric, Muhammad al-Yaacoubi. Nadim al-Jabiri was chosen as its leader. In 2006, the party was restructured and some of its leaders replaced. In 2005, they won 8 seats in the general election. 6. Al-Ahrar Gathering
The gathering is composed of the Sadrists who are closest to Muqtada al-Sadr. In last year’s provincial elections, it performed very well in southern provinces, finishing in fourth position.

7. The Independent Solidarity Stream
The stream is headed by Qasim Daoud, a liberal Shia who was Minister of National Security in Iyad Allawi’s government. The stream was founded in 2007 when Qasim Daoud resigned from the Iraqi Alliance and started to work independently under the Solidarity bloc name.

8. The Iraqi Constitutional Movement
The original aims of the movement, when it was founded in 2003, under the leadership of Sharif Ali Bin al-Hussein, were to establish a constitutional monarchy in Iraq. Hussein is a relative of King Faisal II, the former king Iraq. It was originally called the Iraqi Constitutional Monarchy Movement but it later changed its name and joined the National Alliance.

The aims of the bloc as stated in its electoral programme

- Protecting human rights and enhancing the work of civil society o organisations.
- Combating administrative and financial corruption.
- Providing victims of former regime and martyrs with care.
- Releasing innocent people who are still imprisoned.
- Promoting peaceful co-existence.
- Working for the return of all deportees

4th: The Kurdistan Alliance Bloc

Number of seats: 42 + 1 compensatory seat

The bloc competed in 8 Iraqi provinces and won 43 seats distributed as follows: in Erbil 10, Sulaimaniyah 8, Dahuk 9, Mosul 8, Kirkuk 6, and one seat in Diyala. The bloc did not win any seats in Baghdad or Salahuddin provinces.

The bloc’s major entities

In addition to the two major Kurdish parties, the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) and the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK), the bloc is also composed of the Kurdistan Communist Party Workers Party, the Islamic Movement, the Socialist Party and Mahmoud Uthman, an independent candidate.

1. The Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP)
The KDP was established in 1946 by Mustapha Barzani, the father of current President Massoud Barzani. The party is particularly strong in Erbil and Dohuk. From 1994 to 1998 the party fought a fierce battle with the PUK. However, with Saddam Hussein’s fall, the two parties joined forces and won 53 seats in the 2005 election.

The party is currently headed by Masoud Barzani, the President of the Kurdistan region, and his nephew, Najirvan Barzani, while Hoshyar Zebari, is the Foreign Minister of Iraq.

2. The Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK)
The PUK was founded in 1975. Its strongholds are in Sulaimaniyah and Kariman. The party follows the liberal ideology of its leader, Jalal Talabani, the President of Iraq. The PUK participated in Iraqi politics since the start of the current democratic period. In 2008, the party split, with the Change Movement, led by Najirvan Mustafa emerging. Despite the historic hostilities between the PUK and the KDP, the PUK has so far been able to maintain its alliance with the KDP in the parliament.

The aims of the bloc as stated in its electoral programme

- Applying Article 140 of the Iraqi Constitution to Kirkuk, reversing changes made in the 1970s and annexing the city to the Kurdistan region.
- Annexing areas with Kurdish majorities in Mosul, Diyala and Salahuddin provinces to the Kurdistan region.
- Supporting the economy and opening Iraq up for foreign investments.
- Improving the level of services provided for people, especially electricity supply.

5th: The Change Bloc

Number of seats: 8

The bloc competed in Erbil, Sulaimaniyah and Dahuk. In Sulaimaniyah province, Change won 6 seats and in Erbil a further 2. It did not win any votes in Dahuk, however.

The bloc’s major entities

The bloc is composed of the Change Movement, a new party founded by Najirvan Mustafa, a former leader of PUK. He left the party in 2008, protesting against the lack of reform inside the party. The movement demands reform and change in the Kurdish political system, renouncing the monopolisation of power inside the PUK. It also calls for an end to the party’s interference in Kurdistan’s economy and to more transparency in administering the region’s budget. The movement participated in the Kurdistan Parliament elections and won a quarter of the seats. The results encouraged the movement to compete in the parliamentary elections and represent the Kurds.

The aims of the bloc as stated in its electoral programme

- Annexing all Kurdish land to Kurdistan.
- Maintaining claims to Kirkuk as a Kurdish city under all circumstances.
- Improving services in Kurdish areas and supporting the needy and deprived people by expanding the social care network.

6th: Al-Tawafuq (the Iraqi Accordance Front)

Number of seats: 6

The Iraqi Accordance Front competed in 8 provinces and won 1 seat in Baghdad, 2 in Anbar, 1 in Mosul and 2 in Salahuddin.

The Front is composed of four main entities:

1. The Islamic Party
The party was founded end of 1958. The first Secretary-General of the party was Nu’man al-Samuraei. When the Baath Party reached power, the leaders of the Islamic party, like those of many other parties, left the country, only returning after 2003. The party participated in the Governing Council representing the Sunnis but then boycotted the National Assembly elections of 2005 following a fatwa issued by the Muslim Scholars Association prohibiting participation in elections. In the 2005 parliamentary elections, however, the party joined forces with the National Dialogue Council and Iraq’s People Conference. This grouping became known as the Accordance Front and won 43 seats in 2005. Tareq al-Hashimi, Vice President of the Republic, left the party, with Usama al-Tikriti taking over from him. After this, the party’s popularity with voters dropped. The list lost many votes to Iyad Allawi’s list in the March elections.

2. The National Tribal Gathering
Having formed in 2007, the Gathering, a union of 129 Sunni tribal branches, led by Sheikh Omar al-Haykal, will compete for the first time in the parliamentary elections.

3. The People of Iraq National Gathering
Formed in 2005 and headed by Adnan al-Dulaimi, the entity was originally known as the ‘Sunni Conference’. The name was later changed to ‘Iraq’s People Conference’ before settling on ‘Iraq’s People National Gathering’.

4. The Turkmen Justice Party
The party is led by Anwar Bayraqdar, a leader of one of the Turkmen parties who opposes the annexation of Kirkuk to the Kurdistan Region. The party was formed after the fall of Saddam Hussein's regime to demand the Turkmen’s rights in Kirkuk.

The aims of the bloc as stated in its electoral programme

- Arming and training the Iraqi army and rebuilding it on national basis.
- Utilising the capacities of former Iraqi army officers in this area.
- Amending certain articles in the Iraqi constitution.
- Encouraging investments in industrial, agricultural and economic sectors.
- Giving priority to services in the government plan and allocating needed amounts for this purpose.
- Putting a timeframe on the withdrawal of US troops’ from Iraq.
- Dissolving all militias and keeping the control of security apparatuses away from parties and militias.

7th: The Unity Coalition

Number of seats: 4

The coalition competed in 15 Iraqi provinces and won 2 seats in Salahuddin, 1 in al-Anbar and 1 in Mosul. The coalition was formed on 21 October 2009 and is composed of 38 political entities: parties, streams and individuals.

The bloc’s major entities

1. The Iraqi Constitutional Party
The party was founded in 2005 by former Interior Minister Jawad al-Boulani after the elections. Before forming the party, Boulani was a leader of the Supreme Islamic Council’s.

2. The Democratic Islamic Stream
This stream was founded in 2003 and is headed by Hussein al-Adli. It subscribes to the civil/democratic state scheme and considers religion a spiritual issue. Nonetheless, it aims at building the society on righteous values and principles.

3. Iraq Awakening Conference
The Awakening Conference was created in Ramadi in July 2006 and was headed by Sheikh Abdul Sattar Abu Risha. The aim of the conference was to mobilise Sunni tribes to fight al-Qaeda. When its leader was assassinated, Ahmad Abu Risha, the brother of Abudl Sattar became the new leader. He competed in the provincial council elections and won half of al-Anbar’s seats. It is the first time that this entity takes part in the elections.

4. The Iraqi Compact Gathering
The Iraqi Compact Gathering is one of the more modern Sunni streams in Iraqi politics. It was founded in 2008 by Ahmad Abdul Ghafour, the president of the Sunni Waqf bureau. It is composed of a number of moderate academic and tribal personalities.

5. The Iraqi Karamah Front
The front is composed of all awakening councils in Bagdad. It was formed in 2008 and participated in the provincial elections but could not win any seats. It has decided to join al-Boulani’s coalition when its dialogue with the Islamic party and with Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki failed.

The aims of the bloc as stated in its electoral programme

- Building state institutions away from sectarian quotas
- Relying on specialised and scientific expertise
- Supporting the land ownership project to enhance the relation between people and the state.
- Distributing land to Iraqis when they reach 18 years of age.
- Enhancing political participation of all Iraqis regardless of ethnic and sectarian affiliation.
- Protecting public freedoms.
- Promoting national reconciliation.
- Opening up to the world.

8th: the Kurdistan Islamic Union List

Number of seats: 4

Party candidates participated in Kurdistan. They were able to win 1 seat in Erbil, 1 in Dahuk and 2 in Sulaimaniyah.

The bloc’s major entities

The list is composed of the Kurdistan Islamic Union Party, which was founded in 1994. It is a branch of the Muslim Brotherhood Movement in Iraq and is led by Salahuddin Muhamad Bahauddin. The party considers itself a reformist Islamic political party that seeks to ‘uphold the social, economic and political rights of the Kurdish people from and Islamic perspective’. The party won 6 seats in 2005 elections.

The aims of the bloc as stated in its electoral programme

The list calls for unity of the Kurds and Arabs. It calls for establishing the borders of the Kurdistan region and for annexing Kirkuk. It also calls for taking advantage of the Islamic dimension to support the demands of the Kurds and preserve their rights.

9th: The Islamic Group of Kurdistan

Number of seat: 2

I got this list to only two seats in the House of Representatives next one in Erbil for the Prince of the party and the second in Sulaymaniyah. The list’s major parties:

This list consists of the Islamic Jamaat Party, which is led by Amir Ali Baber. They split from the Islamic Unity Movement in 2001.

The aims of the bloc as stated in its electoral programme

- Repeal laws that are inconsistent with the foundations of Islamic laws.
- Work on the implementation of Article 140
- Solve the problem of Kirkuk and disputed areas.