In eastern Mosul, Iraqi pro-government forces are organizing themselves to begin to fight against the Islamic State. In western Mosul, civilians do their best to survive a siege and extremists step up their propaganda.
The biggest problem in eastern Mosul, post-extremists, is security. The Iraqi army needs to move on, to fight in western Mosul, but they cannot leave the eastern city to a variety of militias, fighting among themselves.
Recent extremist bomb attacks in Baghdad indicate that the IS group has adapted its methods and become more mobile. But they also show that fixed bases inside the city no longer seem viable for the extremists.
The volunteer militias formed to fight the Islamic State group are now policing Baghdad’s neighbourhoods. But as they do, they compete with the real police, ignore the real laws and often act more like a mafia.