Iraqis sitting in a coffee shop watch a television news channel showing the Iraqi parliament live on November 27 2008, as MP's from Shiite Muslim Sadrist block hold up signs that read in Arabic, 'No No to the Accord' as parliament convened this afternoon to approve a landmark military accord that will have all US troops withdraw from the country by 2011. AFP PHOTO / ALI YUSSEF (Photo credit should read ALI YUSSEF/AFP/Getty Images)
The channel, named ‘Al-Khalijiyah’, has quickly become notorious for its attacks on Shiite Muslims and their religious authorities. In Najaf, the holy Shiite city, local residents say the channel has become a source of provocation.
The channel says its main focus is to “spread awareness among Shiites and to show them the right path.” Prominent Wahhabi figures regularly appear on the channel inciting attacks on Shiites.
“If I have ten nuclear bombs, I would use one against Christians and Jews, and the remaining nine against Shiites," proclaimed a recent slogan. Another declared: “Oh God… humiliate the Shiites and those who support them; count them all, without skipping any of them, and kill them all.”
According to 39 year old Kathim, a resident of Najaf, “this provocative rhetoric is an unprecedented media call for violence against Shiites and it will not bring any good to the people of Iraq and neighbouring countries."
Kathim, an architect, believes that dialogue over Islamic sects and their beliefs should be exclusively initiated by Islamic scholars. “It is wrong to see that dialogue taking the form of sectarian and violent rhetoric, and it is wrong to allow those who are not specialists in this topic to discuss it,” he said. “Such a sensitive issue requires in-depth knowledge of Islamic jurisprudence and of Islamic history.”
Local Shiites told Niqash that they are stunned that the government has not acted to shut the channel down.
The channel was launched some years ago, broadcasting Arab songs and video clips from prominent Gulf singers. But, two years ago the channel’s owner announced his "repentance" and said that he had "returned to Islam," prompting a new religious approach.
Then, a few weeks ago, the channel launched an offensive against the Shiite community, especially in Iraq. A daily program entitled: “The prevention of Sedition," is now aired and some people have called in asking for the “needed support to exterminate the Shiites in Iraq."
Ibrahim Hashim al-Musali, a student at the religious Hawza in Najaf, said that media attacks on Shiites are “a common practice. Unfortunately, these attacks are demagogic in nature and not based on the principles of dialogue and reason."
The proclamations aired by al-Khalijiyah come at the same time as continuing protests in Najaf against statements by Sheikh Adel al-Kalbani, the Imam of the Holy Mosque in Saudi Arabia, to BBC Arabic, in which he explicitly calls Shiite scientists infidels. These statements provoked a wave of protests in Iraq, the Islamic world and Saudi Arabia itself.
Hammoudi Hassan, a political analyst, warned that the work of al-Khalijiyah risked inflaming new sectarian violence in Iraq. “We should carefully read and understand these calls as attempts to provoke hatred and bloodshed in Iraq,” said Hassan, calling on the Iraqi government to “seriously deal with such calls.”
The continued controversy over Shiite convictions is a reflection of the dramatic transformation of Iraqi society since 2003. This period has witnessed a Shiite political class taking power for the first time in hundreds of years, as well as the emergence of new media forms dedicated to the Shiite faith, all of which have provoked a Sunni backlash.
Yet, even as the controversy flares, others are calm and dismiss the channel as insignificant.
"In the past, we used to listen to heated discussions on TV stations regarding Shiites’ beliefs and convictions, but this channel’s programs are irrelevant and do not add any substance to the on-going discussion,” commented 40-year-old Najafi al-Ibrahimi.